Round Shape Diamond
In the artistic language of every culture, the circle speaks of harmony and
balance. In the language of love, the circle says "forever." Little wonder,
then, that the brilliant round-cut diamond will always be the most-chosen shape.
The round-cut diamond exceeds all other shapes in exuding brilliance and fire.
Creating the brilliant round-cut demands surrender for the sake of beauty. More
rough is lost cutting and polishing a round diamond than any other shape.
Whatever Your Fancy
Any diamond shape other than a round-cut is called fancy. To many diamond
lovers, fancy-shape stones are a breath of fresh air. Compared to round-cuts,
fancy-shape diamonds retain more weight in the cutting and polishing processes.
In determining which shapes to cut, diamond cutters consider market demand and
the characteristics of each diamond in the rough.
Pear Shape Diamond
The pear-cut, or drop-cut, is a fluid shape that resembles a drop of water. A
pear-cut is really a hybrid of the brilliant round-cut and marquise-cuts. Some
of the largest diamonds ever mined have been shape into pear-cuts. Some
pear-cuts are elongated; others are wider in appearance.
Marquise Shape Diamond
Elongated rough diamonds are typically cut into the marquise shape, which is
twice as long as it is wide and has pointed ends. According to legend, this cut
was first commissioned by France's Louis XIV, the Sun King, who was inspired by
the Marquise de Pompadour's smile. Thanks to its origin, it is considered a
royal-shape diamond. Because of its boat-like form and pointy ends, the
marquise-cut is difficult to produce.
Oval Shape Diamond
Introduced in the 1960s, the oval is a stretched round brilliant-cut that can
radiate tremendous brilliance and fire. Classical and elegant, oval-cut diamonds
give a flattering illusion of length to the finger of the wearer. Oval shapes
are longer than equal-weight round diamonds, resulting in more size per carat
Princess Shape Diamond
Developed in the United States in 1980, the princess-cut diamond is square with
90-degree-angled corners. Very little rough weight is lost in the polishing of
this cut. In fact, almost 62 percent of the rough is retained. Because of the
method of polishing, inclusions are more difficult to see in the princess than
in any other square-cut. The square shape of the fiery princess is equally
appealing in traditional, retro, or contemporary settings.
Emerald Shape Diamond
Emerald-cut diamonds are fashioned after the way the actual emerald gemstone is
cut and are typically shorter in length than a proper rectangle. This cut
produces less brilliance and light refraction than others. The number of facets
in emerald-cut stones can vary according to the preference of the diamond
cutter. Because inclusions in an emerald-cut are easily visible, the stone's
clarity is particularly important. In spite of these special considerations,
emerald-cut diamonds convey a timeless elegance that puts them in the classical
realm of diamond shapes.
Radiant Shape Diamond
A stunning shape that combines the brilliance of a round-cut with the elegance
of an emerald-cut, the radiant was introduced some 20 years ago. The radiant-cut
is usually square or nearly square. Comprised of 70 facets - more facets than
round brilliant-cut - radiants can show considerable brilliance. Radiant-cuts
are often used for fancy-color diamonds, as the shape brings out color.
Trillion, Triangular Shape Diamond
Cut like its name suggests, trillions are most beautiful when polished with
brilliant facets as opposed to step-cut facets. Diamond cutters in Amsterdam
developed this shape in the 1970s. The sides of the trillion can be straight or
round, depending on the cutter's preference. Some cutters round the stone's
corners; others make the corners pointed. With no universally accepted method of
cutting, the shape of each trillion is determined by the diamond's natural
characteristics and the diamond cutter's technique.
Asscher Shape Diamond
Named after its inventor, the legendary diamond cutter Joseph Asscher, this cut
was introduced in 1902. Often called simply "Asschers," diamonds of this cut are
square or rectangular with angled corners. When looking directly into a well-cut
Asscher, one can see an illusion likened to a hallway of reflecting mirrors. New
cutting techniques are yielding Asschers of stunning brilliance. Sparkle and art
deco allure make Asscher-cut diamonds extremely popular in today's market.
Heart Shape Diamond
This shape's name says it all: heart, the universal symbol of love. The
heart-shape diamond is actually a pear-cut with two rounded edges instead of
one. A beautifully executed heart-cut is challenging to create and is thus a
true testimony to the diamond cutter's skill.
Cushion Shape Diamond
The cushion - a square shape with rounded corners and sides - has remained
virtually unchanged since diamond cutters introduced it in 1830. The cushion-cut
is an Old Mine-cut enhanced with modern cutting technologies and additional
facets. Because of its antique appearance, the cushion-cut is often used in
vintage-look jewelry. As a result, demand for the cushion-cut has grown
considerably in recent years.
Baguette Shape Diamond
This cut is polished into a rectangular shape with two rows of step-cut facets.
Baguettes vary in shape and proportion and are therefore classified by
measurement more often than by weight. Some baguettes are cut with even-length
sides; others taper on one side.